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Our ESG coverage includes specialist sub-categories for environmental and governance policies.

'Green finance' generally refers to the process of taking due account of environmental and social considerations when making investment decisions, leading to increased investment in longer-term and sustainable activities.

More specifically, environmental considerations refer to climate change mitigation and adaptation, as well as the environment more broadly and the related risks (e.g. natural disasters). Social considerations may refer to issues of inequality, inclusiveness, labour relations, investment in human capital and communities.

The governance of public and private institutions, including management structures, employee relations and executive remuneration, plays a fundamental role in ensuring the inclusion of social and environmental considerations in the decision-making process.

All three components – environmental, social and governance (ESG) – are integral parts of sustainable economic development and finance.

In the EU's policy context green finance is understood as finance to support economic growth while reducing pressures on the environment and taking into account social and governance aspects. Green finance also encompasses transparency on risks related to ESG factors that may impact the financial system, and the mitigation of such risks through the appropriate governance of financial and corporate actors. European Commission Overview

Environmental, Social, Governance (ESG)

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2004 Environmental, Social, Governance (ESG)
2004-10-29 Commission proposal on formation, maintenance and alteration of companies’ capital
2004-10-28 Commission proposal on revising Accounting Directives
2004-10-18 Corporate governance: Commission creates European Forum
2004-10-08 Company law: European Company Statute in force
2004-10-06 Corporate Governance: Commission recommendation on Independent Directors
2004-10-06 Corporate Governance: Commission recommendation on Directors' Renumeration
2004-09-01 OECD: Policy Brief on Principles of Corporate Governance
2004-07-23 Commission working document on strengthening the role of non-executive or supervisory directors
2004-07-23 Commission working document on directors’ remuneration
2004-07-12 Bolkestein speech on Transatlantic Corporate Governance
2004-06-15 Results of Commission Consultation on Directors’ Remuneration
2004-06-04 CBI response to EU consultation on role of independent directors
2004-05-05 Commission Consultation on role of Independent Directors
2004-04-15 FESE response to Commission Consultation on Remuneration of Directors
2004-04-15 FESE response to Commission Consultation on 14th Company Law Directive
2004-03-12 Commission economic paper on Issues in Corporate Governance
2004-03-03 ECGI: Paper on Corporate Governance
2004-02-26 Commission consults on cross border transfer of companies' registered offices
2004-02-23 Commission consultation on directors' remuneration
2004-02-12 EP motion for a resolution on Parmalat
2004-02-11 Bolkestein speech on Corporate Governance and Supervision after Parmalat
2004-02-10 FEE comments on OECD Principles of Corporate Governance
2004-01-12 OECD invites Comment on Draft Revision of Corporate Governance Principles

Prior Years Reports